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- Archaeological Survey
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- Expert Testimony
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- Interpretive Exhibits & Publications
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Ms. Cox has served as president of PAL since its founding in 1982 and has more than 30 years experience in the field of cultural resource management throughout the United States. She earned an MA in Anthropology with an Archaeology specialization from Brown University.
As president of PAL, Ms. Cox has directed the development of the firm from its beginnings as a small archaeological consulting business to its present status as the leading cultural resource management firm in the Northeast. In her administrative capacity, she sets company policy and priorities, coordinates marketing and business development, and oversees a staff of 50 professionals.
Ms. Cox is an expert in the field of preservation law and Section 106 consultation. In her capacity as senior project manager, she oversees some of the firm’s most complex projects, utilizing her experience in the field of cultural resource management to meet the needs of a diverse client base. She has completed numerous courses in historic preservation and has certificates in Federal Projects and Historic Preservation Law and the Preparation of Federal Agreement Documents.
Her primary responsibilities include managing the firm’s work on energy projects, Federal on-call service contracts, and major transportation undertakings and consulting on the 106 process. Ms. Cox is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Executive Director/Senior Architectural Historian
Mr. Olausen is the Executive Director and a Senior Architectural Historian at PAL. He has a M.A. degree in Public History from the University of South Carolina and has worked in the field of cultural resource management since 1985. Before joining PAL in 1997, he served as the Vice President and Project Manager for Historic Property Associates, Inc., in St. Augustine, Florida. As PAL’s Executive Director, Mr. Olausen oversees the firm’s administrative operations, including the information systems, financials, production, and human resources departments.
Mr. Olausen has extensive experience in managing projects that require review under state and federal historic preservation laws, including the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act. He has conducted a vast number of survey, planning, and registration projects for federal, state, and local agencies and private corporations. His work has included studies for major projects in the areas of transportation; wind, hydroelectric, and carbon-based electrical generation; electrical and natural gas transmission; military; civil engineering; and private development projects. Mr. Olausen has managed and served as lead author for a large number of National Register documentation projects conducted for the National Park Service at national parks in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. Other areas of expertise include Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record (HABS/HAER) documentation, state-level documentation, cultural resource environmental compliance documentation, cultural resource management plans, expert testimony, and interpretive exhibits and publications. Mr. Olausen was elected to the Slater Mill Board of Trustees in June 2014.
Senior Operations Manager
Mr. Forrest is the Senior Operations Manager at the Public Archaeology Laboratory, Inc. in Pawtucket. He has a BA in Anthropology and Philosophy from the University of Connecticut and has worked in cultural resource management since 1992. Before joining PAL in 2015, he served as the Director of Arts and Historic Preservation for the State of Connecticut with a separate appointment as the State Historic Preservation Officer. Prior to his work as Connecticut SHPO, Mr. Forrest served as Field Director and Senior Archaeologist at the Public Archaeology Survey Team, Inc. and Archaeological and Historical Services, Inc., in Storrs, Connecticut. As PAL’s Senior Operations Manager, Forrest provides expert services in project oversight, state and federal regulatory compliance, Native American and State Historic Preservation Office consultations and historic preservation agreement documents. He also manages the firm’s projects in electrical power generation and transmission and telecommunications development.
Mr. Forrest has extensive experience in the planning and management of projects requiring review under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, and Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act. As a consultant, he managed a large number of survey, planning, and mitigation projects for federal, state, and local agencies and private corporations. His work has included studies for major projects in the areas of transportation; electrical transmission; telecommunications; housing; and civil engineering. As Connecticut SHPO, Mr. Forrest managed all operations of both Connecticut Office of the Arts and the State Historic Preservation Office, directed the operations of four state historic museums, and developed statewide preservation policy in coordination with a broad range of local, state, and federal stakeholders. He has particular expertise in complex consultations regarding the identification, evaluation, and treatment of historic properties. Other areas of expertise include Pre-Contact Period Native American settlement and subsistence systems, Native American lithic technology, and geoarchaeology.
Senior Architectural Historian
Ms. Adams began her career in cultural resource management and historic preservation planning in 1977 and joined PAL in 1987. Ms. Adams is a senior architectural historian and manages architectural history and multi-disciplinary planning projects involving historic buildings and structures, landscapes, and archaeological resources. Ms. Adams’ technical expertise includes architectural history and preservation planning with extensive experience in survey, National Register of Historic Places evaluation and nomination, regulatory compliance, archival documentation, historic tax credits, and historical interpretation. Her portfolio contains a wide range of projects throughout the Northeast and elsewhere for public and private clients. Ms. Adams possesses detailed knowledge of state and federal laws, regulations, and standards for cultural resource management and related environmental impact requirements. She prepares cultural resources sections of environmental review documents under NEPA, Section 106, Section 4(f), and similar state laws; facilitates agency and public consultation processes; develops memoranda of agreement; implements mitigation; and advises clients on meeting the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Buildings. Her business responsibilities encompass proposal and client development.
Prior to joining PAL, Ms. Adams worked for eight years in state historic preservation offices on the Massachusetts National Register program staff and as the Rhode Island federal and state environmental review coordinator. Ms. Adams has specialized training in regulatory compliance, consultation, memoranda of agreement, railroad safety, transit noise and vibration, and telecommunication towers. She received her B.A. in Art History and her M.A. in Anthropology, both from Brown University. Ms. Adams teaches historic preservation in the Master’s and Certificate programs at The Boston Architectural College. Ms. Adams also serves as the Secretary for the Cape Cod Modern House Trust.
Senior Architectural Historian
Ms. Augenstein is a Senior Architectural Historian with 15 years of professional experience in cultural resource management and historic preservation planning. Ms. Augenstein serves as a planner and Project Manager for multi-disciplinary projects involving environmental impact assessments and documentation, Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, Chapter 254 of the Massachusetts General Laws, and related state and federal environmental laws, regulations, and guidelines affecting historic resources, including the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) and Massachusetts Environmental Protection Act (MEPA). Ms. Augenstein meets the Secretary of the Interior’s Qualifications for Architectural History.
Ms. Augenstein has special expertise in the utilization of state and federal rehabilitation investment tax credits in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and has managed multiple historic tax credit projects for private and non-profit developers. Her expertise in the fields of architectural history and preservation planning, coupled with her strong professional relationships with the National Park Service and State Historic Preservation Offices, provide a unique perspective within a redevelopment team and ensures successful outcomes for historic building rehabilitation projects.
Maureen is a leading authority on best practices for successfully navigating the complex historic preservation landscape and well-respected throughout the regulatory and development communities. She has a wealth of professional experience in developing environmental planning documents for an array of public and private real estate projects. She has special expertise in cultural resource management, historic preservation planning, state and federal rehabilitation investment tax credits, and preparation of environmental analysis and regulatory compliance documents for review by the National Park Service, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, state historical commissions, and local planning boards and historical commissions.
Ms. Cavanaugh has served as Project Manager for numerous multi-disciplinary projects involving environmental review, planning, and cultural resources. She has extensive experience in implementing Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, Chapter 254 of the Massachusetts General Laws, and related state and federal environmental laws, regulations, and guidelines affecting historic resources, including National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) and the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA). Ms. Cavanaugh assists clients in meeting regulatory requirements through consultation with state and federal agencies and the preparation of environmental impact assessments and documentation, Section 106 and Section 4(f) evaluations, and memoranda of agreement. She has established working relationships with numerous municipal, state, and federal agencies, the development community, architectural and planning firms, and private organizations involved in cultural resource management. She serves on several boards, including the National Park Service Boston Harbor Islands Partnership, appointed by the Secretary of the Interior. Maureen meets the Secretary of the Interior’s Qualifications as a Historic Preservation Consultant.
Ms. Cherau has worked in cultural resource management for over twenty-five years. She received her BS in Foreign Service from Georgetown University and her MA in Classical Art History and Archaeology from the Université de Dijon-Bourgogne, France. Ms. Cherau is trained in hazardous waste/emergency response (HAZWOPER), both the OSHA 40-hour course and 8-hour supervisory course. She also serves as PAL’s Safety Manager and is responsible for all of PAL’s safety training and compliance to meet OSHA federal, state, and private corporate safety requirements. Ms. Cherau is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA) and is fully qualified under the Secretary of the Interior’s Professional Qualifications Standards (36 CFR Part 61 Appendix A).
As a senior archaeologist/principal investigator at PAL, Ms. Cherau supervises and coordinates research, excavation, analyses, and report preparation at all levels of historic and archaeological investigation in the eastern United States. She has directed over 400 cultural resource management projects in New England, New York, and New Jersey. She has extensive experience in the coordination of projects requiring review under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, and Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act. Ms. Cherau’s specialties include archaeological predictive modeling, New England historic urban and industrial archaeology, New England prehistoric archaeology, and historic preservation planning.
Dr. Doucette served as a PAL project archaeologist from 1985 to 2000 before pursuing her graduate degrees, and rejoined the PAL staff in 2005 as a principal investigator. She has over 25 years of archaeological experience in New England, and has supervised all phases of archaeological investigation in Massachusetts, New York, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut and Vermont for federal, state and local agencies and private clients. Before her tenure at PAL, Dr. Doucette served as a project archaeologist on a number of sites in Nevada, Georgia, and Texas. Between 1995 and 1997, she was a curatorial assistant in archaeology in the Repatriation Department at Harvard’s Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology where she was responsible for collections research and consultation with Native American tribes as part of the museum’s Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) compliance. Her research specializations include pre-contact Native American occupation in the Northeast, with particular focus on settlement and subsistence practices of Archaic Period hunter gatherer societies, cultural landscapes, mortuary practices, gender studies, and geoarchaeological methods.
Dianna received her Ph.D. and MA in Anthropology from Harvard University in 2003 and 1999, respectively and earned a Graduate Certificate in Museum Studies from the Harvard University Extension School in 1994. Her undergraduate degree in Anthropology was completed at the University of New Hampshire. She has served as an instructor in the Harvard University Extension School, University of Massachusetts Boston, and University of Massachusetts Amherst Anthropology departments, and is currently a research associate at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard and a research affiliate with the Harvard Forest in Petersham, MA. She also serves on the Hopkinton Historical Commission and the Community Preservation Committee. Dr. Doucette is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Energy Projects Manager
Mr. Dubell has worked as an archaeologist and preservation planner in the field of cultural resource management since 2000 and has been employed at PAL since 2007.
Prior to joining PAL, he served as a review and compliance archaeologist at the Massachusetts Historical Commission for projects involving federal/state funding, permitting, and/or licensing. Mr. Dubell also served as a cultural resource consultant for a number of firms, where he participated in all phases of archaeological investigation on projects throughout the Northeast and the Mid-Atlantic. Mr. Dubell has served as a member of both the Arlington and Woburn Historic District Commissions. Mr. Dubell is currently an appointed member of the Uxbridge Historic District Commission and the Chairperson of the Uxbridge Cultural Council.
Currently, Mr. Dubell serves as energy projects manager and principal investigator at PAL. Mr. Dubell’s responsibilities include coordinating and consulting with review agencies, including the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and Army Corps of Engineers, State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), local historical commissions, and Native American tribes. As a project manager, Mr. Dubell is responsible for client coordination, project administration, technical proposals, fieldwork supervision, and project reports.
Mr. Dubell earned his BA in Sociology and Cross Cultural Studies from Western Maryland College and received a second BA at Salve Regina University in Cultural and Historic Preservation. Mr. Dubell received his MA in Historical Archaeology from the University of Massachusetts Boston. He is a member of the Society for Historical Archaeology, the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, and the Massachusetts Archaeological Society. Mr. Dubell is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Ms. Heitert earned her BA in Anthropology and History from the University of Connecticut and received an MA in Historical Archaeology at the College of William and Mary. She has worked in cultural resource management for more than thirteen years. As a principal investigator, Ms. Heitert is responsible for preparing technical proposals and research designs, client coordination and project administration, supervising archaeological fieldwork, and completing project reports for a variety of public and private clients. As a senior archeologist specializing in historical archaeology, she conducts research, excavation, analysis, report preparation, and public education at all levels of archaeological investigation in New England and the Northeast.
Ms. Heitert has supervised archaeological investigations for a variety of federal and state agencies and private energy corporations including the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, and TransCanada - Northeast Hydro Region. Over the past five years, she has acted as project manager and principal investigator for a broad range of National Park Service projects throughout the Northeast. Ms. Heitert has gained extensive experience in coordination and consultation with large federal and private agencies as well as with numerous state and local review agencies.
Proposal Coordinator / Principal Investigator
Ms. Herbster joined the PAL staff in 1988 and since 2005 has served as a Senior Archaeologist/Principal Investigator. She is responsible for client and agency coordination, project administration, technical proposal and research design development, and the supervision of all phases of archaeological fieldwork in New England and the Northeast. Her work over the past 20 years has included more than 100 projects on Martha’s Vineyard, ranging from primary background research to large-scale excavations. She has also completed numerous community-wide archaeological surveys in Massachusetts, which are designed to assist municipalities in future community planning and preservation endeavors. Ms. Herbster has collaborated extensively with Native American groups in Massachusetts. Her research focus includes documentary and ethnohistoric studies.
Ms. Herbster earned her BA in Anthropology from Kenyon College and received an MA in History/Historical Archaeology at the University of Massachusetts Boston. She also holds a certificate in Genealogical Research from Boston University. She is a member of the Society for Historical Archaeology, the American Society for Ethnohistory, the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, the New England Historic Genealogical Society, and the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association. She also serves as an officer and is on the Board of Directors of the Preservation Society of Pawtucket. Ms. Herbster has received training in hazardous waste/emergency response (HAZWOPER), Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA) compliance, Federal Communications Commission Environmental/Historic Preservation Compliance, and Conflict Resolution Skills for Cultural Resource Professionals. Ms. Herbster is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Senior Architectural Historian
Ms. Kline has worked in cultural resource management since 2005. At PAL, Ms. Kline specializes in the preparation of National Register nominations, eligibility assessments, local inventory forms, and architectural surveys and compliance documentation for MEPA, Section 106, and Section 4(f) projects, including project impact assessments. She has authored multiple National Register nominations for National Park Service properties throughout the Northeast. Ms. Kline also has experience preparing preservation plans and tax credit applications. Before joining PAL in 2008, Ms. Kline worked for Tremont Preservation Services in Boston and volunteered for various local preservation organizations in Rhode Island.
Ms. Kline received her M.A. in Preservation Studies from Boston University in 2007 and has a Sc.B. in Civil Engineering from Brown University. Her prior professional experience included technical writing for an engineering software company. Ms. Kline maintains a membership to the National Trust for Historic Preservation and serves on the Historic District Commission for the City of Cranston, Rhode Island.
Mr. Leveillee has worked in cultural resource management since 1978, and has been a staff member at PAL since 1982. He holds a BA in Anthropology/Public Archaeology and a MA in Archaeology and Curriculum Planning from Rhode Island College.
Mr. Leveillee serves as a principal investigator and the director of educational programs, coordinating the dissemination of PAL’s archaeological research to non-professional audiences. He is the Rhode Island statewide network coordinator for the Education Committee of the Society of American Archaeology and an adjunct faculty member at Roger Williams University.
Mr. Leveillee has supervised research design formulation, excavation, analyses, and report preparation at all levels of archaeological investigation. He serves on advisory boards of four area museums, has numerous publications in regional journals, is a Rhode Island Committee for the Humanities lecturer, and is the author of the book, An Old Place, Safe and Quiet: A Blackstone River Valley Cremation Burial Site. He is the 1997 recipient of the Frederick C. Williamson Professional Service Award presented by the Rhode Island Historical Preservation and Heritage Commission. Mr. Leveillee is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Mr. Mair has been in the field of cultural resource management since 1978. Prior to joining PAL in 1997, he served as principal cultural resource planner for a major engineering firm, overseeing cultural resource investigations conducted out of eight offices. He currently serves as project manager and senior archaeologist for multidisciplinary projects involving archaeological research and historic structure evaluations undertaken by PAL.
At PAL, Mr. Mair is responsible for preparing technical proposals and research designs, client coordination and project administration, supervising archaeological fieldwork, and completing project reports for a variety of public and private clients. His extensive experience includes the preparation of cultural resource documents in support of Environmental Assessments, Environmental Impact Statements, including Section 106 Documentation Reports, Memoranda of Agreement, and Section 4(f) Statements.
Mr. Mair received his BA in Anthropology from the State University College at Oswego, New York, and his MA in Anthropology from the State University of New York at Binghamton. While at SUNY Binghamton, he served as project coordinator for the cultural resource management arm of the department. Mr. Mair is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Mr. Ritchie has worked in cultural resource management since 1976, and joined PAL in 1982. As a senior archaeologist at PAL, he is responsible for the technical oversight of cultural resource projects ranging from reconnaissance surveys to data recovery programs and National Register of Historic Places eligibility evaluations. Mr. Ritchie has directed archaeological investigations on more than 150 projects in New England for federal, state, and municipal agencies as well as private developers and landowners. He has also worked with land trusts and local community-based groups to study and preserve archaeological sites.
Mr. Ritchie’s received his BA from Franklin Pierce College and MA from Brown University in Anthropology. His areas of expertise include New England pre-contact and historical archaeology, pre-contact Native American and historic/modern period use of geological resources, geology/mineralogy of the Northeast, and ethnohistory.
Mr. Waller joined PAL in 1995 and has since worked on numerous Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III cultural resource management projects in New England.
His expertise includes Northeastern pre-contact Native American archaeology, the history and archaeology of Narragansett Indian Country, and historical cemetery studies. Mr. Waller is affiliated with a number of regional professional and amateur organizations including the Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Inc. (ASCI), Conference on New England Archaeology (CNEA), Massachusetts Archaeological Society (MAS), Northeastern Anthropological Association (NEAA), and the Society for American Archaeology (SAA), and is a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA).
Mr. Waller received his B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Rhode Island (1993) and his M.A. in Anthropology with a specialization in Northeastern Native American archaeology from the University of Connecticut (1998). He is trained in hazardous waste/emergency response (HAZWOPER) and holds SCUBA diver certifications through the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) and Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) organizations. Mr. Waller is a Scientific Diver full member with the American Academy of Underwater Sciences (AAUS). Mr. Waller also serves on the Board of Directors for the Pettaquamscutt Historical Society.