Customs and Border Patrol Stations

Between 2004 and 2008, PAL conducted Phase I archaeological surveys at 21 existing and proposed Customs and Border Patrol Station properties along the northern borders of Vermont and New Hampshire. The purpose of the surveys was to determine the presence of pre- and/or post-Contact cultural resources within the properties in advance of proposed construction. 

The projects included detailed coordination with client and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) staff, including rigorous security clearance procedures and the development of communication protocols to ensure efficient access to the various border station project areas.


The Phase I survey methodology at each site included the development of environmental and pre- and post-Contact interpretive contexts; the application of GIS-based archaeological sensitivity models to the Areas of Potential Effect; subsurface testing to determine soil integrity and to identify any potentially significant cultural resources; and the production of 21 reports detailing the results of the survey at each border station property.

Through a comprehensive understanding of the archaeological research and fieldwork regulations in Vermont and New Hampshire, PAL successfully completed both surveys within the rigorous time constraints demanded by the project schedules.


PAL’s clear management recommendations regarding the potential National Register eligibility of the identified archaeological resources at each property allowed DHS to proceed with project planning and development with a clear understanding of their cultural resource responsibilities. PAL also gained a practical understanding of the logistical challenges associated with working at secured federal facilities, and the often-challenging field conditions of northern New England.

Client Name: 
Michael J. Baker, Inc.; Parsons Corporation
Project Name: 
Customs and Border Patrol Stations
Project Date: 
2004 to 2009
Project Location: 
Vermont and New Hampshire